Relics in Belgrade

Serbia’s capital changed hands dozens of times in the past few centuries: Ottoman/Austrian rule 16th–19th centuries Ottoman/Serbian rule 1804–1878 Serbian rule 1878–1914 Austro-Hungarian/Serbian rule 1914–18 Kingdom of Serbia 1918 Yugoslav Kingdom 1918–1941 Nazi/Croatian rule 1941–1944 Yugoslav Republic 1944–1991 I found some relics from Austrian rule, namely antique roller shutters made […]

Prewar Manhole Covers in Prague

“Vodovod” means “water supply” in Czech

Prewar Manhole Covers in Uzhhorod

A sampling of Uzhhorod’s prewar manhole covers. Read more about Uzhhorod’s remnants of the past here and here.  

Manhole Covers in Stockholm

I didn’t find many old manhole covers in Stockholm, and the ones that I did find were all connected to the telecommunications infrastructure, in particular, from the company Rikstelefon (see also Rikstelefon’s phone booths and markers). This one dates from 1909 – it is similar to Swedish-made manhole cover that […]

Storm Drains and Manhole Covers in Vienna

In Vienna, at almost every step there is an old manhole cover or storm drain. Fortunately, most include a date along with the manufacturer’s mark, and this is true even for modern ones. Below are square storm drains ranging from 1896 to 1957, posted in chronological order.  

Interwar Fire Hydrants in Mukachevo

Traces of Mukachevo’s Czechoslovakian past can still be found in the city. (During the interwar period, Mukachevo along with the rest of Zakarpattia (Transcarpathia) was part of Czechoslovakia.) “In 1883, Antonín Kunz (1859–1910) founded a company in Hranice [Czech Republic] for the repair and production of small farm machinery and then specialized […]

Prewar Manhole Covers: Przemyśl

In Poland it’s a little more difficult to determine the age of manhole covers than in Ukraine, because in Ukraine if it’s in Polish, it’s old; but in Poland, everything is in Polish… However, by comparing them with prewar ones in Lviv, I think I’ve been able to distinguish which […]

Swedish Manhole Cover in Riga

n Riga I found a manhole cover dating from 1901. Upon researching it later, I realized it was made by the Swedish company called Stockholms Allmänna Telefonaktiebolag. Sweden’s first telecom operating company (founded in 1883), Stockholms Allmänna Telefonaktiebolaget (Stockholm General Telephone Company) (SAT) installed and operated telephone equipment. The company had […]

Old Hydrant and Valve Marker Plates

Marker plates, which indicate the location of hydrants or valves, can be found all over Lviv. They are on just about every building that was built before WWII. The plates ensure that a hydrant or valve can be found, in case, for example, the road is covered in mud or […]

Prewar Manhole Covers in Chernivtsi

In Chernivtsi I found manhole covers from Austrian (pre-WWI) and Romanian (interwar) times. I saw both German-language and Romanian-language ones. The Austrian-era ones use the German name for the city, Czernowitz. The ones made by Pittel & Brausewetter company include Wien (Vienna). This company was founded in 1870 in Bratislava […]