Borders and Districts of Galicia
Galicia as a geopolitical entity was created in 1772 with the establishment of the Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria, the Austrian Empire’s easternmost crownland. The capital of the province was Lemberg (today Lviv). A century and a half later, in 1918, Galicia was wiped from the world’s maps, with the fall of the Austro-Hungarian Empire.
The borders of Galicia changed throughout the years. In 1795, in the Third Partition of Poland, West Galicia (also called New Galicia), which included the districts of Kraków, Lublin, Chełm, was created and merged with Galicia in 1803. These districts, along with a small sliver of the original Galicia, including the district of Zamość, were annexed to the Grand Duchy of Warsaw in 1809. Later, West Galicia referred to only the territory just west of Jarosław through the territory around Kraków.
The regions of Tarnopol (Ternopil) were included in the original formation of Galicia, but in 1809 they were ceded to the Russian Empire. During the Congress of Vienna (1814–1815), Austria gained back these regions.
In 1815, Kraków gained the status of a free city (The Free City of Cracow) and remained so until after the Polish uprising of 1846, when it was incorporated into Galicia as the Grand Duchy of Cracow.
Bukovina was formally annexed to the Austrian Empire in 1775 as part of Galicia. In 1849, Bukovina became a separate Austrian crownland, with its capital at Czernowitz (Chernivtsi).
The Polish digital library Polona has a wonderful collection of high-resolution zoomable maps of Galicia.
The website Topographic Maps of Eastern Europe, which offers a collection of small and large scale historical maps of the lands of the former Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and the Pale of Jewish Settlement in late Tsarist Russia, has a page devoted Galicia.
The Gesher Galicia Map Room, a long-term research project to acquire and publish land and building records in the former Austro-Hungarian province of Galicia, in addition to an extensive collection of cadastral and street maps, has a number of regional Galicia maps.
Historic Maps of Galicia
Below is a collection of different types of historic maps of Galicia spanning from 1775 (the oldest map of Galicia I found, made just a few years after the creation of the crownland) through 1918, the year Galicia ceased to exist as administrative unit.
Lubomeriae et Galliciae Regni Tabula Geographica (1775) F.L. Gussefeld, Nuremberg
Map of the Kingdoms of Lodomeria and Galicia. The map uses a mix of Latin, German, and Polish languages. Lviv is marked as Lwow, Leopol, and Lemberg. The the upper right corner has a decorative title cartouche with banners depicting the flags of the regions Przemysl, Belskie [Belz], Halics [Halisch], Rotrußland, Auschwitz, Zator, Krakau, Sandomir.Full file view (download)
Carte nouvelle des Royaumes de Galizie et Lodomerie avec le District de Bukowine (1780) T.C. Lotter, Augsburg
A New Map of the Kingdoms of Galicia and Lodomeria with the District of Bukovina. Fortified cities, villages, towns, hamlets, post routes, and post offices are marked on the map, with a French key to the symbols.
Original digital size can be found here.
General Charte des Atlasses von Galizien und Lodomerien (1790) F.I. Marie, Vienna
Map of Galicia and Lodomeria. Map is in French and German. The Zamość region, at the uppermost center of the map, is included in this early configuration of Galicia.
Full file view (download)
Ost und West Galizien nach den neuesten beobachtungen (1805) Franz Reisser, Vienna
East and West Galicia according to the Latest Observations. Map is in German. “A partly-colored administrative map of (East) Galicia and the short-lived Austrian province of West Galicia (including Lublin and Radom), made just after the merger of the Two Galicias and a few years before West Galicia was lost to the Duchy of Warsaw…the map shows political boundaries, ranks towns by three size symbols, identifies, diocese seats for four kinds of Christian religions, and shows rivers and roads plus mines for salt, iron, lead, and silver.”Source: Gesher Galicia
Strassenkarte von Galizien (1820) Johann Blaim
Road Map of Galicia. From the Imperial and Royal Galician Roads and Bridge Construction Direction. Galicia no longer includes the northern districts of the original West Galicia, which were lost to the Grand Duchy of Warsaw in 1809.
Zoom viewer: Polona
Das Koenigreich Galizien (1832) C.F. Weiland
Regno di Galizia e Lodomiria (1833) Giovanni Marieni
The Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria. Map is in Italian. Contains a table of political divisions.Zoom viewer: Polona
Karte des Konigreiches Galizien (1846) F. Raffelsperger
Das Koenigreich Galizien (1849) Carl Ferdinand Weiland
The Kingdom of Galicia. Shows Ost Galizien (East Galicia – Ruthenian or Lviv Gubernium) and West Galizien (West Galicia – Polish or Krakow Gubernium). (West Galicia is now much smaller than the original West (New) Galicia, having lost its northern districts in 1809, and now the new east-west border is farther east (Rzeszów, Tarnow, and Jaslo/Dukla regions now part of West Galicia) – see map from 1805.)
Zoom viewer: Polona
Galicyja i Lodomeryja z ksiestwami Bukowina, Oswiecimem, Zatorem i wielkiem ksiestwem Krakowskiem dla użytku szkół ludowych (1872) Wladyslaw Miczynski, Rzeszów
Galicia and Lodomeria with the Duchies of Bukovyna, Auschwitz, and Zator and the Grand Duchy of Krakow for use in national schoolsZoom viewer: Polona
General Post- und Strassenkarte von Galizien und Lodomerien mit Auschwitz, Zator und Krakau so wie des Kronlandes Bukowina (1893) R.A. Schulz
General Post and Road Map of Galicia and Lodomeria with Auschwitz, Zator and Krakow as well as the Crownland Bukovina. This map contains a table of population statistics from the 1890 census. Railways are clearly marked.Source: RCIN
Mapa ścienna Królestwa Galicyi i Lodomeryi z Wielkiem Księstwem Krakowskiem z Księstw: Oświęcimskiem i Zatorskiem (1894) Stanisław Majerski, Lviv
Wall Map of the Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria with the Grand Duchy of Krakow with the Duchies: Auschwitz and Zatorsk.Zoomer view: Polona
Karta klimatyczna Galicyi (1899)
Climate Map of GaliciaZoomer view: Polona
Mapa Galicyi (1900)
Map of Galicia. Shows Polish single-mandate district, Ruthenian single-mandate district with the exclusion of Poles, Polish and Ruthenian two-mandate district, Ruthenian cadastral district, and Polish cadastral district.Source: Digital Library of University of Wroclaw
Mapa ścienna Królestwa Galicyi i Lodomeryi z Wielkiem Księstwem Krakowskiem z Księstw: Oświęcimskiem i Zatorskiem (c. 1910) Stanisław Majerski, Lviv
Wall Map of the Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria with the Grand Duchy of Krakow and the Duchies: Auschwitz and Zator. Shows towns, elevation, and major geographic landmarks.Source: Gesher Galicia
Galicya (1918) Stanisław MajerskiZoomer view: Polona