Prewar Manhole Covers: Przemyśl

In Poland it’s a little more difficult to determine the age of manhole covers than in Ukraine, because in Ukraine if it’s in Polish, it’s old; but in Poland, everything is in Polish… However, by comparing them with prewar ones in Lviv, I think I’ve been able to distinguish which […]

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Antique Vacuum Valve in Lviv Stairwell

Last weekend I joined a couple of free tours that were organized as part of European Heritage Days of Lviv. On Sunday I went on one dedicated to Lviv Seccession (Art Noveau), where we learned about the Lviv “Montmartre” district and visited the former homes/studios and now museums of the […]

Merchants’ Hoisting Beams in Riga

Although not nearly to the same extent as in Tallinn, remnants of the merchants’ hoisting mechanisms remain on several of the medieval houses in Riga. A granary from the 18th century

Merchants’ Hoisting Beams in Tallinn

Tallinn’s Old Town used to be an important trading city on the coast of the Baltic Sea. Fortunately, a majority of the medieval buildings have survived, including many of the merchants’ houses. The attic spaces—and sometimes several of the upper floors—of these houses were used to store the merchants’ goods. […]

Lublin’s Guard Stones

From 1795-1803 Lublin was part of New Galicia, a short-lived administrative region of the Austrian Habsburg Monarchy. In 1803 it was merged with the Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria, but retained some autonomy. In 1809 Austria lost this territory, and in 1815 it became part of Congress Poland. A sampling of Lublin’s […]

Hitching Rings in Lublin and Warsaw

Lublin, Poland, still has some intact horse hitching rings. They are attached to the front of several buildings in downtown Lublin. These iron rings would have been used to tie up horses by people doing errands downtown. They probably started to fall out of use in the 1920s. I also […]

Guard Stones in Winnetka

Winnetka, a suburb of Chicago, has a few guard stones that used to protect the sides and corners of walls from carriages.